There are several factors that could affect artworks negatively. An accident is the most common factor, temperature and humidity fluctuations could be another. Due to up-to-date scientific innovations, the art conservation field is equipped with newly developed materials and techniques that make conservation and restoration of mild or even severely damaged artworks possible and sustainable.
Science and technology alone are not sufficient to achieve satisfactory results. Conservation entails an astute craftsmanship and adequate knowledge of art history. A skilled restorer/conservator seeks to reduce interference yet to bring the piece closer to its original condition, in an effort to maximally keep the artist’s vision vibrant and the historic characteristics of an artifact alive.